Chapter 4 (Civics) Electoral Politics

 Introduction


 Election
     ↓
Democratic type of ruling
              ↓
Representative Democracy
  • Indian democracy   
               ↓
    Multi-party system
               ↓
   Federal System
(Two or more than two levels of govt)

                           ↓
        Rights to Vote
Hand, Raise, Vote, Election, Up




   Why Election?
  • Elections are the base of democratic type of ruling.
  • Elections gives oppurnity to the citizen of the country to elect their their reprensentative.
  • These elected representatives form the govt at different levels.Like:- Central Govt.,State Govt,.and Local Govt.
  • The Universal adult franchise (right to vote) give right to the citizen(above 18 yrs age)to elect their rules.
Why do we need elections?
  • Needs of elections.
  1. Run the democracy.
  2. Form the govt
  3. Form the opposition
  4. Gives oppertumity for Rights to vote
  5. Rights to change the govt
  6. For people's welfare
What makes an election democratic?
  • The following things make on election democratic.
  1. Free&fair election
  2. Rights to vote to all citizen
  3. No use of muscles & money power
  4. No any pressure of govt or any other instution
  5. Ban on excess use of money in election
  6. Powerful rule of ECI
Is it good to have political competition?
  • Yes,political competition in democracy is good for strentheny the democracy.
  • Different political pastics having competition in election and they put their manufacto before the voters.
  • The political party having competition in election and they put their manufacto before the voters.
  • Some times the face of candidate got importance in election .For ex:-the face of of the of Narendra Modi in General election 2014&2019.
  • So, we can say that the political competition make the democracy strong and benefial for the country.
What Is Our system of Elections?
  • The election is the process of choose the govt and completed in different state.
i.Electoral Constituences.
ii.Reserve Constituences.
iii.Voter list.
iv.Nomination of candidate.
v.Election Compaign.
vi.Polling and counting votes.
vii.Declaration of result.

Electoral Constituencies
  • The country is divided into different area for purpose of Elections these are called Electoral Constituencies.
  • Features of democratic election is that every vote should have Equal power
Reserved Constituencies
  • Some constituencies are reserved for people who belongs to the SC&ST
  • In the Lok Shabha 84 seats are reserved for SC and 47 seats reserved for ST.
  • One third of the seats are reserve in rules area and urban area for women candidate.
Voter List
  • In our country all citizens age 18years and above can give vote in an Election.
  • The lists of officialy called the Election roll and is commonly know as the voter list.
  • The voter list is also know as Phachan Patra.
Nomination of Candidates
  • Any one who can be votes will 18yrs but come in candidates minimum age 25yrs.
  • Political party nomiate thier candidates who gets party symbol&support.
  • A new system of decleration has been introduced on direction for the Supreme Court.
  • Serious criminal cases pending against the candidates.
  • Every person who wishes to contest an election must fill a 'nomination form'and give some money as'security desposit'.
Election Campaign
  • Different method of Election Compaing
     i.Public Meeting.
   ii.Door to door contact
   iii.Banners-posters
   iv.Ralllies of popolar leaders.

Polling and counting of votes
  • On election day every person whose name is on the voters list can go to a nearly 'polling booth' situated usually in local school or a govt office and cast their vote.
  • Time of the 8:00 AM to 5:00 Pm.After Election EVM comes in safe constady of D.M.
  • Result declares after counting & cetificed issue to winning candidates.
What Makes Elections in India in India Democratic?
  • Independent E.C
  • Popular Participation
  • Acceptance of Election outcome
Independent Election Commission
  • Election commission is the constitution body framed conducted the Election in India.
  • The smoot conducted of Election depends on the working of Election commission.
  • Independent Election commission means the election commission with that any presser of govt policital party other constitional body etc.
  • The Independency of election commution make our Election more democracy free&fair.
Popular Participation
  • Popular participation means the participent of maxium voters in Election processes
  • To incresed the voting percentage several methods adopted by election commission
  • The pfficiser Releted of Election visit villager and convised the voter for voting and as such that for free fair Election.
  • A program of Election comition is stated from the da on which date of election disclerd contaned till the voting.


Acceplance of Election outcome
  • On the day of  counting Election commuction declerd Reselt & ussing the certifited of winner candidates.
  • It is duty of all citizens of the country to Excepet the result declerd by E.C.I which any cinfusion.
  • If any candanate having any problem then he or she put the written compiar to ect for Justificition.
  • In condanteed not sussfide with the Jugement of E.C.i the it move towards Judesary.
Challenges to free an fair Election
  • Misucle of money in Election.
  • Muscle power
  • Pateunal system in political parties
  • Selling of Election tickes by pol.party.
  • Discrimination is voting.
  • Aoper security of voters.